“Due to human expansion and poaching activities, several species in the savanna have been threatened with extinction.”
Currently, only five species of rhinoceros remain in the world: the white rhinoceros, the Sumatran rhinoceros, the black rhinoceros, the Javan rhinoceros, and the Indian rhinoceros. In addition to the black rhinoceros, other species of rhinoceros are on the verge of extinction due to human poaching.
“The forests of western and central Africa are a natural treasure trove. Substantial anti-poaching strategies, more supportive legislation and land use planning will promote human-wildlife coexistence, which is the key to successful savanna conservation.”
Plant diversity in the savanna may be in danger of extinction sooner than previously thought. Scientists also claim that the loss of plant diversity in the African savanna will be more severe in the next 100 years than in the crisis 15,000 years ago.
African elephants have long been a target for poachers because of their valuable ivory. Although the African elephant is one of the fiercest animals on the grasslands, it is still no match for poachers. At present, two branches of the African elephant species are on the verge of extinction due to their declining numbers.
Home to countless species in Africa
The East Sudan Savanna is a savanna in central Africa, the eastern half of the east-west African savanna belt, located east of the Cameron Highlands, with the Sahara Desert and the Sahelian Savanna to the north and the humid forests of the DRC to the south. The climate of this tropical eco-region is hot and dry, with a rainy season from April to October and a dry season for the rest of the year.
The East Sudan Steppe is mainly flat land, with only Lake Albert and the western part of Ethiopia being hilly. The Suder region in the southern part of the Sudan divides the East Sudan steppe into two parts: the east and the west.